Mental health support network for PWWP

Mental health illness support network for People working with people

A test for anxiety: the Goldberg Anxiety scale3: Risk factors and symptoms.

on May 24, 2012

In the past month;

  • Have you felt keyed up or on edge?
  • Have you been worrying a lot?
  • Have you been irritable?
  • Have you had any difficulty relaxing?
  • Have you been sleeping poorly?
  • Have you had headaches or neck aches?
  • Have you had any following; trembling, dizzy spells, sweating, urinary frequency or diarrhoea?
  • Have you been worried about your health?
  • Have you had difficulty falling asleep?

Interpretation Score one point for each ‘yes’,. Most people have some of theses symptoms (the average number of symptoms experienced by a adult is four). The higher the score the more likely it is that the person will experience disruption in their daily life. About 12 percent of adults get a score of eight or more on the scale. A person with a high score may have a anxiety disorder. There are many different types of anxiety disorders. The main ones are generalised anxiety disorder, panic disorder, phobia disorder. post-traumatic stress disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) The main symptom of generalised anxiety disorder is overwhelming anxiety and worry which is persistent and ‘free floating’ (not linked to any particular circumstances). As in other disorders the dominant symptoms are highly variable. People with GAD experience physical and psychological symptoms of anxiety or tension more days than not and these continue for at least 6 months. This anxiety can be difficult to manage as the person can feel they have no control over their responses or situation. Physical symptoms Fast or pounding heart, headaches, stomach pains, tremors, muscle tension, inability to relax, dry mouth or sweating. Psychological symptoms Excessive worry, irritable, restlessness, feeling on edge, difficulty concentrating, mind going blank and sleep disturbances. Generalised anxiety disorder can make it difficult for people to concentrate at work, function at home and generally get on with life. Panic disorder A diagnosis of panic disorder is made in the presence of recurrent unexpected panic attacks followed by at least once a month of persistent concern about having another panic attack. A panic attack is sudden onset intence apprehension fear of terror.    The person experiencing a panic attack often has a sense of impending doom or death. Many of the symptoms are physical ones such as dizziness, shaking, feeling sweaty. nausea hyperventilating and rapid heartbeat. Many of them symptoms can appear similar to be a heart attack. Phobia disorders A phobia disorder is as intense fear of a situation or an object that would not normally worry other people, (unless they to suffer with the same phobia). The fear can be long lasting and seem unreasonable to others. Phobia can severely restrict your life, and force you to take extreme measures to avoid whatever triggers it. A phobia is known as a anxiety disorder. Those who suffer from a phobia disorder aren’t really frightened of particular situations or places, but of the feeling of terror they experience when in them. While they know they not in real physical danger, they can’t convince themselves this is the case. People with a phobia will often avoid feared situations including leaving their home, crowds, or public places, open spaces, speaking in public, travelling on buses, trains or planes and social events. Agoraphobia is fear of being away from a trusted place, often the home. This can happen when bad events has taken place when the person been out. Social phobia is fear of any situation in which public scrutiny may be possible, Usually, this is combined with the fear of behaving in  way that embarrassing or humiliating. The key fear is that the others will think badly of the person. Social phobia can develop in shy children as they move into adolescence. Acute stress disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) Acute stress disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder can occur after a distressing catastrophic event. This event may involve actual of threatened death or serious in Alternatively, it may involve witnessing such an event. Sometimes learning such event has happened to a family member or close friend may be the cause of the problem. A study of Vietnam War veterans, exposed to the traumatic events of war, found that 20 percent of them develop the conditionnFor symptoms on panic attack go to the page Symptoms of a panic attack. Symptoms of acute stress disorder and PTSD

  • Re-experiencing the trauma
  • Unrest in a situation which brings back memories of the trauma
  • Avoidance bahaviour
  • Emotional numbing
  • Reduced interest in others and the outside world
  • Persistent increased arousal (constant watchfulness, irritability, jumpiness/ being easily startled, outburst of rage, insomnia).

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) This is a form of anxiety disorder is the least common,but is very disabling condition. Obsessional thoughts and compulsive behaviours accompany the feeling of anxiety. Most obsessive thoughts are about fear of cntamination or harm. Risk factors for anxiety disordersPeople that are more likely to develop these:

  • People who had very anxious parents
  • People with a more sensitive emotional nature
  • People who have had a difficult childhood(for example abuse, sexual abuse, neglect, over-strictness
  • women

Page to follow First aid for anxiety disorder.


2 responses to “A test for anxiety: the Goldberg Anxiety scale3: Risk factors and symptoms.

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